Wat is een universeel basisinkomen?

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Basisinkomen Nederland

Universeel basisinkomen (Universal Basic Income)



Het basisinkomen zou een vangnet kunnen creëeren voor iedereen. Dat biedt ruimte voor meer vrijheid, ondernemerschap en onderwijs. Hoe realistisch is het en wie moet de kosten dan dragen? Leer meer in deze Anystory!

De uitvoering

Vandaag de dag is er nog steeds veel armoede en ongelijkheid in de wereld. Een manier waarop dit opgelost zou kunnen worden is door middel van een universeel basisinkomen voor iedereen. Maar is dit wel zo’n goed idee? Zouden mensen dan minder gaan werken, krijgen we dan ook te maken met inflatie of worden opleidingen duurder en de belastingen hoger? Benieuwd hoe dit plan tot stand zou moeten komen en wat de voor en nadelen zijn? Check het in deze AnyStory.

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Het script

Since the early ’80s, the global number of people who live in poverty is declining. But up to this day over 595 million people can’t cover their basic costs of living and provide financial security for themselves.

What if everyone’s income was taken care of by government support? An income as a human right.

Hooray for the Universal Basic Income!

Unlike social assistant benefits, the UBI is an unconditional income that’s sufficient to meet every person’s basic needs. A fixed amount regardless of a person’s gender, family composition, employment status or income. Since the 60’s there has been a number of pilots and experiments.

Derived from this research, some results are very clear. Homelessness and hunger can be eliminated and people’s self esteem will rise. Nobody is dependent on another person anymore and parents can focus primarily on raising their children. People will start working fewer hours which means more room available on the labor market. People will become higher educated. Prosperity in developing countries will rise and economic migration will decrease.

But the latter only applies when the UBI is implemented on a global scale. Otherwise, countries that are able to provide a UBI will become more attractive for economic migration. So how realistic is a UBI? Well, some governments just can’t afford a basic income without the support of wealthier countries. Other governments might need to cut on other expenses like healthcare, education or defense or raise taxes since the UBI is slightly more expensive than systems currently used. Within UBI countries  the role of the government will increase and their citizens will become more dependent on the state.

As for now pilots and experiments are conducted in several countries only on a national or local level focused on specific groups. Will we be able to work together as global citizens in order to realize a Global Universal Basic Income? That’s the challenge that lies ahead of us!

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